A new study by the Moran Company uncovered the many challenges home health beneficiaries in rural areas face in accessing care.
The study found significant disparities between rural and urban home health beneficiaries:
- In 2014, seniors living in rural areas were 15% less likely to receive home health services.
- Medicare home health beneficiaries in rural areas are older, have a lower income, and live with more chronic conditions than the general Medicare population.
- Medicare home health beneficiaries in rural areas are 17% more likely to be below 200 percent of the federal poverty line.
- Rural Medicare patients live twice as far from their doctor compared to beneficiaries in urban areas.
Another factor compounding these disparities is the high cost of providing home health services to patients living in rural communities. According to a study by Ability, the cost of providing Medicare home health services is 36% higher per parent episode in rural areas than in urban areas – mainly due to the long distances providers must travel to reach patients in their homes. This presents a challenge for providers, who ultimately bare the higher cost of delivery.
Historically, the Congress has rightly understood these challenges and since 2000 has provided safeguard “add-on” payment to the reimbursement rate for Medicare home health services delivered in rural areas. This “rural safeguard” covers those extra costs so beneficiaries in rural areas have their home health needs met.
Unfortunately, the safeguard is set to expire at the end of this year, which is why home health providers are urging Congress to renew the program before time runs out. In the coming months, the Partnership will work diligently with lawmakers, patients, and stakeholders to ensure that home healthcare remains accessible to older Americans living in rural areas.
To learn more about Medicare’s rural home health population, click here.